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Coal | Facts, Uses, & Types | Britannica

Coal, one of the most important primary fossil fuels, a solid carbon-rich material, usually brown or black, that most often occurs in stratified sedimentary deposits, which may later be subjected to high temperatures and pressures during mountain building, resulting in …

History of coal mining - Wikipedia

Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth and from underground. Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth. Its predominant use has always been for producing heat energy. It was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th

coal mining | Infoplease

coal mining, physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Strip mining is the process in which the overburden (earth and rock material overlying the coal) is removed to expose a coal seam or coal bed.

Coalmine | Article about Coalmine by The Free Dictionary

coal mining, physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Strip mining is the process in which the overburden (earth and rock material overlying the coal) is removed to expose a coal seam or coal bed.

Coal mining - Coal preparation - Encyclopedia Britannica

Coal mining - Coal mining - Coal preparation: As explained above, during the formation of coal and subsequent geologic activities, a coal seam may acquire mineral matter, veins of clay, bands of rock, and igneous intrusions. In addition, during the process of mining, a portion of the roof and floor material may be taken along with the coal seam in order to create adequate working height for ...

Coal-Mining Disasters | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma ...

The worst mining disaster during the Indian Territory period occurred in Krebs on January 7, 1892. At the Osage Coal and Mining Company's Mine Number Eleven a "windy shot" set off an explosion that quickly swept through the entire mine, killing one hundred men and injuring another two hundred.

Osage Coal and Mining Company | The Encyclopedia of ...

The Osage Coal and Mining Company may be most remembered for the 1892 mine disaster at its Number Eleven mine in Krebs. Differing reports counted between sixty-seven to one hundred men killed and around another two hundred injured. Between 1885 and 1934 at least 144 mining deaths occurred in the course of Osage operations.

Coal Mining | Encyclopedia.com

COAL MINING AND MIGRANT WORKERS. Coal mining companies had always been confronted with the difficulties of recruiting and keeping workers. This problem became severe after World War I, when miners and other young workers deserted the collieries for healthier and better-paid occupations.

Coal mining | Article about coal mining by The Free Dictionary

Find out information about coal mining. physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Explanation of coal mining. Coal mining | Article about coal mining by The Free Dictionary. ... Encyclopedia browser? ...

Mining - Encyclopedia Britannica

Mining, process of extracting useful minerals from the surface of the Earth, including the seas.A mineral, with a few exceptions, is an inorganic substance occurring in nature that has a definite chemical composition and distinctive physical properties or molecular structure. (One organic substance, coal, is often discussed as a mineral as well.) Ore is a metalliferous mineral, or an aggregate ...

Coal-Mining Strikes | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History ...

Afterward, no significant strikes took place for four decades. In December 1977 three coal mines that produced about 40 percent of Oklahoma's soft coal were closed by the United Mine Workers. This included the Peabody Coal and Mine Company, located between Nowata and Vinita, and two mines owned by Garland Coal and Mining near Stigler and Bokoshe.

Mining | Tennessee Encyclopedia

The leading industry was coal mining, followed in order by copper and phosphate. By 1919 coal continued to be the leading mineral product of the Volunteer State, but phosphate rock had risen to second in both the state and the nation, followed by lead-bearing zinc ores, marble, iron, and copper.

Coal | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

The MK&T controlled the two largest mining companies in the Indian Territory coal industry. In the early 1870s McAlester sold his Oklahoma Mining Company to the Osage Coal and Mining Company, a larger concern that he and several partners had founded. Soon thereafter, the Katy acquired an interest in the firm and by 1888 owned it outright.

Coal mining - Choosing a mining method | Britannica

Coal mining - Coal mining - Choosing a mining method: The various methods of mining a coal seam can be classified under two headings, surface mining and underground mining. Surface and underground coal mining are broad activities that incorporate numerous variations in equipment and methods, and the choice of which method to use in extracting a coal seam depends on many …

Mining - Surface mining - Encyclopedia Britannica

Mining - Mining - Surface mining: It has been estimated that more than two-thirds of the world's yearly mineral production is extracted by surface mining. There are several types of surface mining, but the three most common are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying. These differ from one another in the mine geometries created, the techniques used, and the minerals produced.

Coal Mining | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Most accounts identify the Alabama Coal Mining Company (ACMC) as the first coal-mining enterprise in that area, but personal records indicate that William Phineas Browne, founder of the Little Cahaba Iron Works, used slave labor to mine coal in the Montevallo area as early as 1849. According to Ethel Armes, historian of Alabama's coal and iron ...

underground coal mining | Encyclopedia.com

Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Within the ...

Category:Coal mining - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

Pages in category "Coal mining" The following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total.

Strip Mining | Encyclopedia.com

However, the most common association of strip mining is with coal. The examples of decimated land in Appalachia have motivated calls for prevention, or at least major efforts at reclamation. Strip mining for coal comprises well over half of the land that is strip-mined, which totaled less that 0.3% of land in the United States between 1930 and ...

Mining | The Canadian Encyclopedia

May 22, 2019· Industrial demand for coal and iron spurred the expansion of mining and smelting in the late colonial period. Coal mining developed rapidly near Sydney, Cape Breton, and, in the mid-19 th century, major coal deposits were located on Vancouver Island.

Coal | Encyclopedia.com

Coal mining in the United States is an industry in transition. Production in 2017 was down 33% from the peak production of 1,162.7 million tons (about 1054.8 million metric tonnes) in 2006. Employment of 50,000 coal miners is down from a peak of 883,000 in 1923.

Encyclopedia Coal Mining - haagdeko.de

Coal mining encyclopedia of alabama blocton coal mine encyclopedia of alabamalocton coal mine the town of blocton, in bibb county, was a mining community that arose around coal mines and oxmoor furnace, which produced pig iront was established by the cahaba coal mining company and named for a large block of coal that was removed from.

Coal mining - Wikipedia

All significant coal mining was by underground methods until 1918, when surface mining produced substantial amounts. Among the dozens of coal mining companies formed in Arkansas in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, several were owned by Franklin Backe and Heber Denman, including the Mammoth Vein Coal Mining Company of Sebastian County.

Mining - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mining is the process of digging things out of the ground. Any material that cannot be grown must be mined. Mining things from the ground is called extraction. Mining can include extraction of metals and minerals, like coal, diamond, gold, silver, platinum, copper, tin and iron.

COAL MINING IN UTAH - Utah Education Network

T he history of coal mining in Utah is one of outside economic domination which has created a distinctive ethnic mix in the central southeastern area of predominantly Mormon Utah. The area was first controlled by major railroads, and, since World War I, increasingly by international energy companies. However, Utah's coal industry began under the aegis of the LDS Church, which reserved valuable ...

The US Coal Industry in the Nineteenth Century

The US Coal Industry in the Nineteenth Century. Sean Patrick Adams, University of Central Florida Introduction. The coal industry was a major foundation for American industrialization in the nineteenth century. As a fuel source, coal provided a cheap and efficient source of power for steam engines, furnaces, and forges across the United States.

Coal Mining | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Mar 23, 2015· A carbonaceous fossil fuel, coal has a long history as the key energy source in the transition to industrialization, beginning in 17th-century Europe. In Canada, the history of commercial coal mining dates back nearly three centuries. Coal provided a critical energy source for early industrialization, generating steam power and coke (i.e., a manufactured, high-carbon derivative of coal …

Underground coal mine | Article about Underground coal ...

Alternatively, the coal is drilled, and the resultant holes are loaded with explosives and blasted in order to break the coal to the desired size. In order to protect the miners and equipment in an underground coal mine, much attention is paid to maintaining and supporting a safe roof or overhead ceiling for the extraction openings.

Coal mining - Wikipedia

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine - a pit, and the ...

Coal in Canada - Wikipedia

In 2012, Pricewaterhouse Coopers released an economic impact analysis of Canada's coal mining industry. According to the report, coal mining made an economic contribution of $5.2 billion to Canada's GDP, including $3.2 billion in direct impacts and $2 billion of indirect impacts, between 2001 and 2010.